Middle age can bring a number of new health concerns. You may find your energy levels are decreased, or you may notice aches and pains you never had in previous years. Most of these health issues can be managed with proper healthcare measures. Here are five ailments that often begin as you approach the age of 40.

Knee Pain

Osteoarthritis is a deterioration of the joints that occurs with normal wear and tear. You may gradually develop discomfort in the knees when engaging in your favorite athletic activities, such as running, tennis or workouts at the gym. Medications, surgery and physical therapy can help to reduce symptoms.

Foot Problems

Aging can also bring problems with the feet and ankles. Work duties, exercising and everyday walking puts considerable pressure on the foot structures. Heel pain, problems with the arches and toe malformations can make everyday activities uncomfortable. A foot specialist can provide orthotics, medication and surgery to relieve foot pain.

Vision Problems

After 40, you may find yourself holding papers with text further away to see them better. This effect is caused by “presbyopia,” a common vision problem that occurs with aging. A change of eyeglass prescription will correct your vision, so you can see close objects more clearly. Cataracts involve clouding of the lens of the eyes that usually occurs because of aging and exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun. Cataract surgery is the standard treatment to remove the clouded lens and replace it with an artificial lens. It is a common surgery, and new treatments, such as sustained release cataract surgery steroids and help to reduce inflammation and discomfort after surgery to allow a quick recovery.

Weight-Related Health Problems

Excess weight can lead to a variety of other health problems, including heart disease, stroke and some forms of cancer. To manage your weight more effectively after the age of 40, pay greater attention to your diet. Eat more green, leafy vegetables, fresh fruit and lean meats and fish. Avoid processed foods, fast food and snacks that are high in sugar, salt and fat. Schedule regular exercise into your day, and make a point of establishing healthy sleep patterns. These measures can help you eliminate the extra weight that tends to come with aging.

Hormonal Issues

The age of 40 can also bring lowered hormone levels in both men and women. Men may experience fatigue, muscle loss and erectile dysfunction due to lower testosterone levels. Lower estrogen levels as women approach menopause can cause hot flashes, sleep problems and mood changes. Appropriate treatment can help to reduce hormonal problems.

Health maintenance is a life-long endeavor that can reap noticeable results in how well you look and how well you function. If you care for your health in these 5 areas, you will enjoy better health in your later years.

About the author

Anica Oaks

Anica is a professional content and copywriter who graduated from the University of San Francisco. She loves dogs, the ocean, and anything outdoor-related. You can connect with Anica on Twitter @AnicaOaks.

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