Gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD) is the common name for this disease. Acid reflux is sometimes called, or heartburn. Reflux happens as the acid comes up towards their throat (oesophagus) from the food and liquid in the patient stomach. It can happen at any age, even in infants. Many times the causes for the reflux can be decided by the patient or their doctor. At the entrance to the patient, the stomach is a tube, called the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES), which is a ring of muscle. The LES will usually close as soon as food passes through it.
Whether the LES does not close, or if it opens too much, the acid released by the stomach will move up into its oesophagus. This can cause symptoms such as heartburn, called burning chest pain. If symptoms of acid reflux occur more than twice a week, people may experience an acid reflux disease. In several, the main reflux symptom is a burning sensation in the back of the throat, in the middle of the chest or behind the breastbone.
Patients sometimes can have a taste of acid in their mouth. Other symptoms may develop without the sensation of burning. Less common signs include extra saliva and a sore throat that is not going away. Refluxed acid is often more likely to accumulate in the larynx and pharynx, contributing to extended exposure. Symptoms of acid reflux are usually worse when patients lie down, while LPR also happens while they are standing or bent over or exercising. Acid reflux can cause sore throats and heaviness and can leave a bad taste practically in their mouth. It is known as gastroesophageal reflux disorder, or GERD, when acid reflux causes chronic symptoms.
So if they had those symptoms for a while, they could be caused by a valve their lower oesophageal sphincter, not by a virus. It is the muscle it regulates the passage between the oesophagus and the stomach, and when it does not fully close, the stomach acid and the food flow back into the oesophagus. For this cycle, the medical term is gastroesophageal reflux; acid reflux is considered the backward flow of acid.
Below are 5 factors which cause acid reflux:
Abnormalities in the stomach: One common cause of acid reflux disease is an abnormality in the stomach called a hiatal hernia that may occur in people of any age. A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper portion of the stomach is rising between the diaphragm and the LES (lower oesophageal sphincter). It is the muscle wall, which separates the patient stomach from the chest. The diaphragm usually helps to prevent acid from going up into their oesophagus as it functions properly. However, if they have a hiatal hernia, going back into the oesophagus is better for the acid.
Pregnancy: This is the first time that many women experience acid reflux during pregnancy. It is triggered by increasing hormone levels, coupled with growing fetus strain. Usually worst during the third trimester, following birth, the symptoms almost always wane.
Smoking: By doing any of the following, smoking will lead to acid reflux disease:
Impairing reflexes of the muscle within the throat
Greater secretion of acids
Reducing the activity of the muscle LES
Reduction of salivation, which neutralizes the acid effect
Smoking raises the risk of oesophagus cancer, too.
Acid reflux foods: Eating large meals or lying immediately after a meal can cause heartburn or other symptoms of acid reflux disease, such as dry cough or swallowing disorder. Here are some of the common foods that cause symptoms of acid reflux:
Citrus fruit, e.g. oranges or lemons
Coffee and tea
Fatty or fried food
Alcohol intake also raises the risk of oesophageal cancer. If people drink too much the risk is much greater when combined with smoking than when using either alcohol or tobacco alone.
Other causes of the acid reflux: Other common reasons for acid reflux disease include:
Being obese or overweight
Eat a big meal and lie on back, or lean over at their waist
Snacking before bedtime or just after a meal, lying down
Take aspirin or ibuprofen, certain muscle relaxants, or other drugs for blood pressure.
So, it is clear that the above-mentioned information is very helpful to understand the causes acid reflux, symptoms and the treatment. The one who wants to gain the detail information, which can be quite beneficial as well as helpful for everyone to spend a healthy life, can get in touch with the Refluxmd.com.
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