Gum diseases are often taken lightly by people. That is because most people do not understand that neglecting gum diseases could lead to severe complications. These complications affect a person’s overall health and may even lead to death in the worst cases. The results of gum diseases range from tooth loss to cardiovascular issues. Gum diseases are now more common than what people acknowledge or believe. People need to understand the risks of gum disease.

Gaining information about gum diseases is crucial to their prevention or treatment as the case may be. We have provided some information about five gum diseases underneath to help you recognize them. Their symptoms provide the red flags that you need to notice and take action immediately. 

Brushing Teeth, Tooth, Zahnarztpraxis, Treat Teeth

Major gum diseases

Gingivitis: The first type of gum disease is gingivitis. This disease is mild, reversible, and usually not accompanied by noticeable discomfort. The symptoms of this disease are red, swollen gums that bleed often. This disease is not painful, but it is inconvenient and troublesome. Genetic factors, diseases like diabetes, nutritional deficiencies, and substance abuse may contribute to this disease. Since it is reversible, it is best to get it treated before it develops into more severe forms of gum disease.

Periodontitis: If you leave gingivitis untreated, it can progress to periodontitis. In periodontitis, bacteria-produced toxins work against the gums. This leads to irritation of the gums, and later, destruction of bone and tissues. It causes the formation of pockets between the gums and teeth. These pockets then harbor further infection. Eventually, if not controlled, this disease may lead to shaky and loose teeth. The patient might then lose teeth. 

There are four types of periodontitis, and we attempt to furnish some information on these below:

Aggressive periodontitis: This occurs in people who have no other related disease. It involves a distinctive pattern of loss of tissues. As the name suggests, the rate of progression of this disease is high. It starts at an early age. Familial aggregation of this disease is evidence for the theory that the host predisposition aids the disease pathogenesis greatly. 

Chronic periodontitis: In this disease, the accumulation of large amounts of plaque causes chronic inflammation of the periodontal tissues. This is the most common type of gum disease. To be efficiently treated, timely diagnosis of this disease is crucial. The symptoms include deep red or purplish tender gums that bleed and recede, opening up of spaces between gums and teeth and bad breath. There are surgical and non-surgical forms of treatment for chronic periodontitis. 

Periodontitis due to systematic diseases: This type of periodontitis is connected to other diseases like diabetes, and heart and respiratory disorders. This type of periodontitis may accompany even rheumatoid arthritis, obesity, and cancer. 

Necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis: This disease features significant necrosis of gingival tissues, fast periodontal destruction, and loss of alveolar bone. Nutritional deficiencies, smoking, and viral infections may help predispose this disease. Treatment may include local debridement and antibiotic therapy. This disease is more common among young children. 

Ways to prevent gum diseases:

With some conscious effort and appropriate care, you can effectively prevent gum diseases. You may know some of these, but it is always a good idea to brush up on existing knowledge. Having a proper oral care routine in place helps kill or limit the disease-causing bacteria in the mouth. 

  1. Brushing correctly: Show some love to your teeth and use a soft brush. Brush gently in circular motions for two to three minutes. Use fluoride toothpaste. After you are done brushing with toothpaste, rinse the brush and your mouth with water. Then, resume brushing with a clean brush and continue to do so for half a minute more. Rinse your mouth with water. Gently massage your gums with your index finger and rinse with water once more. This process may seem like it will take too much of your time, but it will take less than five minutes in total. You need to brush twice a day, that is, before and after bed. Remember to change your toothbrush every three months. An electric toothbrush is also helpful. 
  2. Floss: You can do this once at night after brushing. This, too, does not have to take up too much time. Your gums and teeth are precious and deserve this care. Floss gently between teeth in an up and down motion. 
  3. Use a mouthwash: If ‎you have brushed and flossed with care, swishing mouthwash around your teeth and gums is the final step to a squeaky clean mouth. 
  4. Watch your diet: As with all other parts of your body, what you eat contributes significantly to your dental health. We recommend having calcium-rich food items. Avoid sticky and sugary food items like toffees and candies. Whenever you eat sweet stuff, do remember to rinse your mouth thoroughly with water. If you are a chewing gum aficionado, opt for sugar-free gum. 
  5. Go for dental check-ups regularly: Your dentist will be able to tell you whether you are on the right track with your oral care routine. The dental practitioner may suggest improvements or changes to your current method and fix the minor issues before they have the chance to blow up into severe complications. You will be able to find the right dentist with the help of online reviews. Just surf the net for” best dentist near me,” and you will find trusted dental practitioners in your vicinity. 
woman doing dental on girl lying on bed

Taking proper care of your gums will ensure you have a beautiful smile until you grow old. Although bad teeth problems are widely prevalent, to get a healthy and bright smile life-long, children with severe tooth decay should undergo the placement of a dental crown. Beautiful teeth and healthy gums are reasons enough to bring a smile to your face. Spend some time and effort for your dental health and flash that toothy charming smile for ages to come. 

About the author

Jessica Smith

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