Lung cancer is a condition wherein the cells divide in the lungs uncontrollably. These cells accumulate and form a tumor and these tumors reduce the person’s ability to breathe. The body is programmed in such a way that the cells die after a certain stage in their life cycle to avoid overgrowth. But cancers cause these cells to grow and multiply when they should not. Let’s see here about lung cancer. Signs and Symptoms Lung cancer symptoms are found in advanced stages only and they are:
  • Bleeding while you Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • You get a cough which does not go away
  • Hoarseness
  • Chest pain
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Headache
  • Headache
  • Bone pain
If the signs or symptoms persist, then you should consult the Cancer specialist in India. Causes: The causes of lung cancer are as follows:
  • Smoking
  • Exposure to secondhand smoke
  • Exposure to radon gas
  • Exposure to asbestos and other carcinogens
  • Family history
  • Prior history of lung cancer
  • Lung disease
  • Air pollution
  • Exposure to diesel exhaust
Types: Based on their appearance, the lung cancer is divided into two types and they are:
  • Small cell lung cancer: Heavy smokers get affected by these types of cancers and are less common when compared to non-small cell lung cancer.
  • Non-small cell lung cancer:  These are of different types which have similar behavior and are grouped under this type of cancer. Some of them are squamous cell carcinoma, large cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.
Stages: The staging of cancer indicates its severity and how far it has spread through the body. This helps in deciding the course of treatment. Staging for lung cancer is extremely complex and extensive with many sub-groups within each stage.   cell lung cancer has the following stages:
  • Hidden or Occult: This will not show on imaging scans but cancerous cells might appear in the mucus or phlegm and might have spread to other body parts.
  • Stage 0:  These cells are found in the top layers of cells which lines the airways.
  • Stage I: A tumor of under5 cm has developed in the lung but has not spread to other body parts.
  • Stage II: The tumor is either 5 cm or 7 cm and has spread to other lymph nodes and in some cases to nearby tissues but not to the lymph nodes.
  • Stage III: Cancer has spread to lymph nodes and to other parts of the lung and surrounding area.
  • Stave IV: Cancer has spread to distant body parts such as bones or brain.
Small cell lung cancer categories are limited and extensive based on whether cancer has spread within or outside the lungs. Treatment: Lung Cancer Treatment in India is based on the stage and location along with the overall health of the individual. The treatments provided are:
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Targeted Therapy
A team of medical experts such as surgeons, radiation oncologists, a specialist in lung treatment called pulmonologists and pulmonary therapists work together in treating the patient.

About the author

Liam Joshua

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